Physical effects of dating violence

Domestic violence physically, psychologically and socially affects women, men and their families.Initially, the abuse usually is an attempt by one partner to exert control through intimidation, fear, verbal abuse or threats of violence.Collective violence that is committed to advance a particular social agenda includes, for example, crimes of hate committed by organized groups, terrorist acts and mob violence.

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One of the most tragic outcomes of domestic violence is that well more than half of the young men between the ages of 11 and 22 who are in jail for homicide have killed their mother’s batterer.

Children growing up in violent homes do not need to be physically abused to take on violent and delinquent behavior — it is enough to witness their mother’s abuse.

In 2013, assault by firearm was the leading cause of death due to interpersonal violence, with 180,000 such deaths estimated to have occurred.

The same year, assault by sharp object resulted in roughly 114,000 deaths, with a remaining 110,000 deaths from personal violence being attributed to other causes. There is a strong relationship between levels of violence and modifiable factors in a country such as concentrated (regional) poverty, income and gender inequality, the harmful use of alcohol, and the absence of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships between children and parents.

Strategies addressing the underlying causes of violence can be relatively effective in preventing violence, although mental and physical health and individual responses, personalities, etc.

have always been decisive factors in the formation of these behaviors.

This initial categorization differentiates between violence a person inflicts upon himself or herself, violence inflicted by another individual or by a small group of individuals, and violence inflicted by larger groups such as states, organized political groups, militia groups and terrorist organizations.

These three broad categories are each divided further to reflect more specific types of violence: Self-directed violence is subdivided into suicidal behaviour and self-abuse.

Victims of domestic violence may be isolated from friends, family and neighbors and lose their network of social support.

With time, the abusive partner, or batterer, may use increasingly severe methods to maintain control.

Economic violence includes attacks by larger groups motivated by economic gain – such as attacks carried out with the purpose of disrupting economic activity, denying access to essential services, or creating economic division and fragmentation.

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